Suicidal recklessness, berserkery, and rage were prohibited in a Spartan army, as those behaviors endangered the phalanx. If they survived the two years in the countryside they would become full blown soldiers. In response to Iphicrates' victory over Sparta in 392 BC, Spartan hoplites started abandoning body armour and eventually wore almost no armour apart from a shield, leg greaves, bracelets, helmet and a robe. The earliest form of social and military organization (during the 7th century BC) seems to have been the three tribes (phylai: the Pamphyloi, Hylleis and Dymanes), who appear in the Second Messenian War (685–668 BC). The outcome of this one battle would determine the outcome of a particular issue.  Subject to military drill from early manhood, the Spartans became one of the most feared military forces in the Greek world. From this derives the already ancient term "laconic" such as in laconic phrase or laconophilia. However, in the early 8th century BC, Spartan society was transformed. , Like the armies of the other Greek states, the Spartan army was an infantry-based army that fought using the phalanx formation.  One of the major problems of later Spartan society was the steady decline in fully enfranchised citizens, which also meant a decline in available military manpower: the number of Spartiates decreased from 6,000 in 640 BC to 1,000 in 330 BC. , Both boys and girls were brought up by the city women until the age of seven, when boys (paidia) were taken from their mothers and grouped together in "packs" (agelai) and were sent to what is almost equivalent to present-day military boot camp. They were selected every year by specially commissioned officials, the hippagretai, from among experienced men who had sons, so that their line would continue. Any baby judged weak or deformed was left at Mount Taygetus to die, since the world of the Spartans was no place for those who could not fend for themselves.  In the Archaic period, Spartans were armored with flanged bronze cuirasses, leg greaves, and a helmet, often of the Corinthian type. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ep… In the Appella or Demos as early as 700 BC, Spartans elect leaders and voted by range voting and shouting.  The Athenian defeat left Sparta and its military forces in a dominant position in Greece. In another, a Spartan complained to his mother that the sword was short, to which she simply told him to step closer to the enemy. With Richard Egan, Ralph Richardson, Diane Baker, Barry Coe. This isolationist tendency was further reinforced by the revolts of some of her allies and a great earthquake in 464, which was followed by a large scale revolt of the Messenian helots.. Spartan 4s were quite weak in comparison to the other spartans, but they are much easier to mass produce. During the Peloponnesian War, engagements became more fluid, light troops became increasingly used and tactics evolved to meet them, but in direct confrontations between two opposing phalanxes, stamina and "pushing ability" were what counted.  The army proceeded led by the king, with the skiritai and cavalry detachments acting as an advance guard and scouting parties. Spartan ascendancy did not last long. However pike-men armed with the sarissa never outnumbered troops equipped in the hoplite style. They became inured to hardship, being provided with scant food and clothing; this also encouraged them … If your impeached can you run for president again? With Persian gold, Lysander, appointed navarch in 407 BC, was able to master a strong navy, and successfully challenge and destroy Athenian predominance in the Aegean Sea. 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